Ankle sprains are caused by a severe twisting or force on the ankle bones, often resulting in excessive stretching or tearing of one or more ligaments on the outside of the ankle. If they’re not properly treated, ankle sprains may develop into long-term problems.

The most usual symptoms of ankle sprains are pain, swelling, and bruising. A number of treatments are used to help the healing process, including resting and elevating the ankle and applying ice.

Bandages also may be used to restrict joint movement and support the injury.  Serious ankle sprains can require surgery to repair and tighten the damaged ligaments.