Neuromas (nerve surgery)
A neuroma is an abnormality of a nerve that has been damaged either by trauma or as a result of an abnormality of foot function. The most common location of a neuroma is in the ball of the foot.
In this area the nerve can become pinched and inflamed by the abnormal movement of the bones in the ball of the foot. As the condition progresses the nerve may become permanently damaged and surgical removal of the nerve may be necessary.
The surgical removal of forefoot neuromas is a relatively simple procedure, and is often performed using a local anaesthetic. Following surgery, the patient may be required to use crutches for up to three weeks. Additionally, it can take longer for the skin to heal.
Overall, surgery for neuromas has a high rate of success. However, as with any surgery, complications can occur. These include infection, excessive swelling, and delays in healing or continued pain. Also when a nerve is cut there is a small possibility that the nerve may grow abnormally producing a stump neuroma. If the patient walks on the foot before the recommended recovery time, excessive swelling can cause bleeding or scaring that may result in continued pain and delays in healing.