A hallux varus is a deformity of the foot in which the tip of the big toe points inward. This is the opposite of a bunion, where the big toe points outward. However, while a bunion is a common condition, a hallux varus is quite rare. Although it isn’t usually painful in itself, it can easily become painful due to rubbing against the shoe.
Causes can be due to many factors. Some people are born with a foot structure that predisposes them towards the condition, while other develop it after foot surgery, because of the delicate balance of muscles and tendons.
Treatment may focus on stretching or toe splints. In some severe cases, surgery may be recommended. This usually involves a small incision on the side of the toe, which is then splinted in a straight position.