Our feet contain almost a quarter of the body's bones.
The bones of the feet are:
- Talus – the bone on top of the foot that forms a joint with the two bones of the lower leg, the tibia and fibula.
- Calcaneus – lying beneath the talus to form the heel bone, this is the largest bone of the foot.
- Tarsals – five irregularly shaped bones that make up the foot's arch. The tarsal bones are the navicular, cuboid, medial, intermediate and lateral cuneiforms.
- Metatarsals – these are the five bones that make up the forefoot. Unsurprisingly, perhaps, footballers quite often have problems with the metatarsals.
- Phalanges (singular: phalanx) – these are the 14 bones that make up the toes. The big toe has two phalanges – the distal and proximal. The other toes have three.
- Sesamoids – two small, pea-shaped bones in the ball of the foot, beneath the head of the first metatarsal.