Bones

Our feet contain almost a quarter of the body's bones.

The bones of the feet are:

  • Talus – the bone on top of the foot that forms a joint with the two bones of the lower leg, the tibia and fibula.
  • Calcaneus – lying beneath the talus to form the heel bone, this is the largest bone of the foot.
  • Tarsals – five irregularly shaped bones that make up the foot's arch. The tarsal bones are the navicular, cuboid, medial, intermediate and lateral cuneiforms.
  • Metatarsals – these are the five bones that make up the forefoot. Unsurprisingly, perhaps, footballers quite often have problems with the metatarsals.
  • Phalanges (singular: phalanx) – these are the 14 bones that make up the toes. The big toe has two phalanges – the distal and proximal. The other toes have three.
  • Sesamoids – two small, pea-shaped bones in the ball of the foot, beneath the head of the first metatarsal.