Orthotic types

There are many kinds of orthotic. Each is designed to address a specific problem. Some common ones are shown below.

Cushioned heel
This is a small piece of rubber that is inserted into the heel to absorb impact during the heel strike. It also helps to reduce unnecessary knee movement.

Heel wedges and heel flares
These can be used to reduce or eliminate inversion (turning inward) or eversion (turning outward) of the foot.

Heel elevation
This helps those who have have one leg shorter than the other by more than a half a centimetre or so.

Inner sole excavation
This is a pad filled with soft materials. It can be placed under one or more of the metatarsal heads, reducing pressure and resultant pain.

Metatarsal bars
These are a flat surface placed behind the metatarsal head, and are used to relieve pressure.

Metatarsal pads
These pads are used to redistribute pressure and stress from the metatarsal heads to the shafts in cases of metatarsalgia.

Rocket bar
A gently curved device that’s placed behind the metatarsal head, this orthotic is used with those who have problems such as ulcers, helping to reduce discomfort.

Sole wedges
These are used to promote supination or pronation.

Steel bar
Placed between the inner and outer sole, this reduces forefoot motion when the metatarsals and phalanges are under stress.

Sole flare
These promote stability and can be used to resist either inversion or eversion.

Toe crests
Crescent-shaped pads that are placed behind the second, third, and fourth phalanges to reduce stress.