Commonly referred to as "pigeon-toes", this is a condition that makes the feet turn inward instead of pointing straight ahead. Intoeing is often first noticed when a child begins walking, but children at various ages may develop intoeing for different reasons. The condition is not usually painful in itself.

There are three common conditions causing intoeing:

  • Curved foot (metatarsus adductus)
  • Twisted shin (tibia torsion)
  • Twisted thighbone (femoral anteversion)

Each of these conditions has a genetic link and can run in families. But they can also occur on their own, or result from other orthopaedic problems.  

In the vast majority of cases, intoeing will correct itself without the need for correctives such as casts, braces or surgery. If your child has intoeing with associated pain or swelling, the conditions should be assessed by an orthopaedic surgeon.