Charcot foot is a condition causing weakening of the bones in the foot that can occur in people who have significant nerve damage (neuropathy). The bones are weakened enough to fracture, and with continued walking the foot eventually changes shape. As the disorder progresses, the joints collapse and the foot takes on an abnormal shape, such as a rocker-bottom appearance.
Charcot foot is a very serious condition that can lead to severe deformity, disability, and even amputation. Because of its seriousness, it is important that patients with diabetes—a disease often associated with neuropathy—take preventive measures and seek immediate care if signs or symptoms appear.
- Swelling or redness of the foot or ankle
- Skin feeling warmer at the point of injury
- A deep aching feeling
- Deformation of the foot
Charcot foot is usually treated by reducing pressure on the foot and wearing a plaster cast to allow the foot to set and heal in the correct position.